Construction engineering of CeO2 for enhancing the Au/CeO2 nanocatalyst within the inexperienced and selective hydrogenation of nitrobenzene

Exploring eco-friendly and cost-effective methods for construction engineering on the nanoscale is necessary for enhancing heterogeneous catalysis however nonetheless underneath a long-standing problem. Herein, multifunctional polyphenol tannic acid, a low-cost pure biomass containing catechol and galloyl species, was employed as a inexperienced lowering agent, chelating agent, and stabilizer to arrange Au nanoparticles, which have been dispersed on different-shaped CeO2 helps (e.g., rod, flower, dice, and octahedral). Systematic characterizations revealed that Au/CeO2-rod had the best oxygen emptiness density and Ce(III) proportion, favoring the dispersion and stabilization of the steel lively websites. Utilizing isopropanol as a hydrogen-transfer reagent, deep insights into the construction–exercise relationship of the Au/CeO2 catalysts with numerous morphologies of CeO2 within the catalytic nitrobenzene switch hydrogenation response have been gained. Notably, the catalytic efficiency adopted the order: Au/CeO2-rod (110), (100), (111) > Au/CeO2-flower (100), (111) > Au/CeO2-cube (100) > Au/CeO2-octa (111). Au/CeO2-rod displayed the best conversion of 100% nitrobenzene and glorious stability underneath optimum situations. Furthermore, DFT calculations indicated that nitrobenzene molecules had an acceptable adsorption power and higher isopropanol dehydrogenation capability on the Au/CeO2 (110) floor. A response pathway and the synergistic catalytic mechanism for catalytic nitrobenzene switch hydrogenation are proposed based mostly on the outcomes. This work demonstrates that CeO2 construction engineering is an environment friendly technique for fabricating superior and environmentally benign supplies for nitrobenzene hydrogenation.

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